Invalidating childhood environments in anorexia and bulimia nervosa opening lines for dating profiles

Further strategies to test the validity of hypotheses derived from cognitive theory are suggested, together with strategies that might extend existing theory.

In sum, unfortunate transactional processes over time are thought to create pervasive trait-like patterns of emotion dysregulation.

In everyday life, high intensity and/or long duration of emotional arousal tend to heighten the risk of emotion dysregulation in response to everyday emotional events [].

Eating disorders (EDs) are relatively common among young women.

A recent cohort-based study using Swedish population and healthcare registers found that adolescence is a high-risk period for the development of an ED, where the incidence of any ED by 2009 was 457.4 cases per 100,000 persons in the peak 16–17 year old age category in women [].

Individual emotional vulnerability consists of relatively stable influences of temperamental affective tendencies (e.g.

emotional sensitivity, reactivity, and time needed to recover from emotional events) as well as more transient factors related to sleeping habits, diet, physical health, etc.Both emotion regulation and self-image are thought to be formed in interaction with significant others [], and both relate to social behavior and self-directed behavior, suggesting that the constructs might be interconnected or partly overlapping.Emotion regulation and self-image have been proposed to contribute to both development and maintenance of EDs [ Emotion regulation refers to the acquired ability to recognize, understand, and accept one’s emotions, as well as strategies to modulate the experience and expression of emotions in line with long-term goals and values [].There is evidence for the BPD model of emotion dysregulation in AN, with respect to both individual vulnerabilities such as emotional sensitivity and reactivity, as well as experiences of invalidating response [].Fairburn, Zafran and Cooper suggest an inability to cope with intense emotional states as a transdiagnostic feature in some ED-patients and also state that ED behaviors may serve as maladaptive forms of emotion regulation, comparable to the use of self-harm in BPD [].The most widespread theory on the function of ED-behaviors suggests that binge eating, with or without subsequent purging, provides distraction from or amelioration of painful inner states, negatively reinforcing the behavior [].

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